Diseases that come with being obese

Obesity is a condition that is brought about if an individual’s weight is at least twenty percent above the normal weight as per the individual’s body mass index. There are a number of health-related risks and conditions that come with being obese. Medical research has also indicated that the distribution of extra fat on your body also determines the kind of health risks that the one faces. If the weight distribution is mainly around the stomach area, the risks are higher as compared to the concentration of weight around the hip region. Here are some diseases that come with being obese.

Heart failure or stroke

According to World Health Organization, most heart-related conditions are as a result of being overweight. In fact, it has been proven that losing weight reduces the chances of suffering from heart disease by five percent. Extra weight comes with increased cholesterol content that results in high blood pressure. The end result of this can lead to heart failure or stroke.

Diabetes

2Diabetes is a lifestyle disease that is associated with being overweight. In particular, type 2 diabetes has been shown to be directly caused by the effects of obesity. If your family has a history of diabetes, you need to constantly monitor your weight so as to avoid the risk of getting this type of diabetes. Those who suffer from this condition are advised to exercise regularly so as to lose excess weight.

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is a disease condition that affects the joints especially the knee, back, and hip area. Studies have shown that the major cause of this disease is an uneven distribution of weight around the joints. Being obese mean that the joint areas are subjected to excessive weight. This weight wears off the cartilage tissues of the joint in the long run. Losing weight can significantly relieve the pressure around the joints and lead to full recovery.

Gout

Gout is almost similar to osteoarthritis because it affects the joint. However, it is different in the sense that it caused by excessive uric acid in the blood that leads to deposition of acid crystals in the joints. This is a condition which is majorly related to people who are overweight. The higher the body mass index, the higher the risk of suffering from gout.

Sleep disorders

One of the sleep disorders that are related to obesity is known as sleep apnea. This condition is characterized by heavy snoring and interrupted breathing. This is a condition that is as a result of excess weight around the neck region. This weight suppresses the breathing ducts and causes difficulty in breathing and result in loud snores. This condition can cause lack of concentration, dizziness, and fatigue during the day. It can be rectified by losing weight.

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Cancer

Obesity has been linked to some common cancer cases. This includes cancer of the colon, breast, pancreases, and ovaries. Endometrium cancer which affects the lining of the uterus has been associated with excessive weight gain during pregnancy. As much as there is a lot of research that is still ongoing to prove this association, there is a lot of reason to believe that obesity is one of the causes.…

How To Prevent Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis or TB is a respiratory disease that affects the lungs. It is easily transmitted through air, coughs, dust or getting in contact with a person who is infected. Although there are usually a few cases of TB fatality, if not treated on time, death can occur. TB is treatable, and it is advisable that preventive measures be carried to avoid infections especially if an individual has tested positive for latent TB. Some of the measures you can take to avoid getting TB infection are explained below.

Measures to prevent tuberculosis

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This is among the most common infection causes. One should always
avoid getting in contact with patients suffering or diagnosed with tuberculosis. Individuals that have tested positive for latent TB should also keep out of reach as TB is highly contagious. One is advisable to stay away from infected persons especially if they are under two weeks of medication, if the need to get in contact or closer to a patient arises, one should wear protective gears like gloves and masks.

Healthy lifestyle

People who are malnourished or unhealthy are more prone to contact the tuberculosis virus as their immune system is weak. It is therefore recommended to lead a healthy lifestyle by ensuring that they include vegetables, whole grain, and lean meat in their diet. This contains essential vitamins that help boosts the immune system. You should also avoid sugary and fatty foods. Cut down on consumption of alcohol and incorporate exercise in your schedule, particularly cardiovascular exercises such a swimming and running.

Know your immune system

dfsgszsrewq4q23esfCertain people have suppressed immune systems, meaning they are prone to contracting TB more than others. It is important to know yourself and always take preventive measures. Those with HIV and AIDS are mostly advised to take more precaution as their immune system is quite weak. If one is put take to take care of a patients with TB, he should be able to know how his immune strength is, to prevent infection. If your immune system is weak, avoid crowded areas as you can never be so certain about the health of a person next to you.

Get vaccinated

Vaccinations have significantly helped to suppress the spread of TB, especially in places that are usually hit hard. Bacille Calmette-Guerin is a vaccine used around the world and has helped especially among children, where the infection rate is relatively high. It is also recommended for health workers and those that intend to travel to places where infection rate of people with TB is high to take a jab.…